Bloomsbury Collections. Copyright Sheila J. Nayar All rights reserved. Further reproduction or distribution is prohibited without prior permission in writing from the publishers. Sheila J. The full text of this chapter is only available to members of institutions that have purchased access.
If you belong to such an institution, please login or read more about How to Order. But hierophany is in no sense this restricted. Honing in on religious spectaculars and transcendentally styled films has merely been the most efficient way of my exposing the much wider complexus out of which meaning is produced — holy meaning, especially.
Religion in Literature and Film in South Asia.
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Scripture on the Silver Screen. Seeing and Believing: Religion and Values in the Movies. Seeing Like the Buddha: Enlightenment through Film. TheSilents of Jesus in the Cinema The Silents of Jesus in the Early Cinema.
Nayar, Sheila J.: The Sacred and the Cinema: Reconfiguring the "Genuinely" Religious Film
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I then realized the sender of the tapes was unimportant and it was more about the fact Daniel Auteuil had these intruding and uninvited thoughts of his past. He was dealing with guilt and his conscious for his past actions, which were now rising to the surface. This may in fact have been solely his conscious.
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I like the fact Haneke did not give the film an expected ending by uncovering the culprit, as this leaves viewers to form there own interpretation as to who or what it may have been. Daniel Auteuil being the perpetrator of violence leaves the audiences encouraged to identify with him and to see how trauma has affected him, although he was the perpetrator. As a viewer I think the film left me with some unanswered questions, and no insight into the feelings and traumatic experiences the victim Majid may have experienced due to the altercations the two boys had, had in the past.
The film dealt with posttraumatic experiences, which had not been dealt with and had been repressed. These feelings had been kept internally, this could have led to them arising unwillingly and causing a guilty conscious and affecting the linear time of the way life normally was. This could leave the traumatized individual with no choice but to confront the troubling issues.
Reading: Zizek, S.
London: Profile Books. Thussu, D. Daya Kishan Thussu and Des Freeman. When viewing acts of violence on various media platfroms, we naturally relate these acts of crime to terror, alarm and civil unrest. Living in a world where violent images and footage are easily accessible, on the television, Internet, newspapers and magazines. Many journalists and political activists who disagree with the way in which the mainstream media and governments present and explain war and tragedies, take the arduous responsibility in doing so themselves.
Often resulting in low security and lack of funds due to no help from larger organizations. This form of journalism from independent journalists does also have a large following and may be seen as more truthful, the mainstream media does not work with them and often dismisses them when confronted with questions.
Book Summary / Abstract
As this is a difficult task without security and funds many independent journalists and political activists have been killed due to the high risk of the job and what they may see as acts of basic human compassion. Being born in a social world we accept a whole range of populates. We may question why these are displayed, because of genuine concern for human life and justice, or for visual impact and leading headlines. Unjust killings during war are not always questioned by the nation, instead we may be given justification for military interventions by our government and the media. When looking at violence and the repercussions, examining the IRA and Irish Liberation Army, shows how acts of violence were seen as the correct way in dealing with people who may have been seen to possess deviant behavior.
These acts could be seen as courageous by some, as these groups of people refused to be normalized, even at the cost of death, ultimately they were standing up for there beliefs. Not conforming can be seen as problematic as most of the criminals were arrested for a variety of actions from wearing combat jackets to participation in demonstrations to the use of firearms.
When the prisoners wanted some rights they were penalized and not treated in a humane manner, the disciplinary measures included 24 hour cell confinement, inadequate food, lack of exercise and intellectual stimulation, curtailment of visits, frequent beatings and regular body and cell searches. As Zizek suggests we must look at what may be the cause, as the IRA were treated savagely, with inadequate diet and the access to the toilet limited. These disciplinary measures including harassment and use of violence sparked the dirty protest in according to the prisoners.
Some may argue that the prisoners were being treated in such a manner due to there unwillingness to comply, and living in there own excrement was there own choice, this may have been hard for some to sympathize with. This could also be seen as a last resort rather than a choice, as these prisoners would rather use a symbol of utter rejection and take the punishment for it, than be silenced and stripped from there beliefs.
However when prisoners later resorted to the hunger strike this was more socially understandable. The brutality continued and these prisoners were not treated as humans who wanted to be acknowledged but instead violence was the answer. When watching Hunger, it was interesting to see the effects violence had on both sides, the prisoners and the officers.
Watching the film was a grueling and compelling experience, as the prisoners were subjected to explicit abuse. They would rather put their lives at risk than give in to something they did not believe in, the belief was very strong.
In the 22 minute unedited scene in which Sands reveals his plans to go on the hunger strike to Father Moran was an interesting scene as it gave us, as viewers an insight into his thoughts as they both debated the merits and ethics of the protest. Reading: Coleman, F. Film, theory and Philosophy: The key thinkers Acumen: Durham. Linear time refers to a perception of time that is seen sequentially, it is straightforward, has a beginning and an end and is unchangeable. Cyclical time consists of ages, which is not leaning towards something, but repeating itself in a cycle of events, everything is a cycle as in the seasons of the year.
When examining time in cinema, Gilles Deleuze view is that the two essential things that come from cinema are movement and time, which present an indirect and direct form of time. Gilles Deleuze states that we in the present, with virtual pasts and virtual futures, our choices make these outcomes. When exploring time in cinema, Henri Bergson speaks about memory bringing back time, and everything is recorded in pure memory; although we cannot recall all these memories, certain things can trigger these memories and bring them to the surface.
An example would be a certain smell that can automatically take you back to certain moment in your life, this may make certain feelings and emotions arise, the memory is associated with the smell, so you are living in real time but recalling a moment from your past in your mind. This is used a lot in cinema, In forms of flashbacks, which take the viewers on a journey through the past, or give you an insight into what may be in the mind of a character. The flashbacks in cinema have been used in films reliving past tragedies and traumas and although we as viewers may not have these memories, they are world memories we can somewhat relate to.
In the film hours I found it very interesting how time perception was portrayed and it was almost a fight against the clock in a life or death situation. Aron Ralston a very intelligent man knew how long he could survive without help or basic rations, and he knew this time could come soon, so he was confronted with the knowing of his own possible death. There were also flashbacks used in the film, which took Aron Ralston back to happier times, these gave him a sense of hope, he was reliving these moments at one of the hardest times in his life.
Bergson speaks about the clock time perception being misleading.
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He speaks about our present and future being an interpretation of our past. Bergson believes the moment is what is most important and what counts as the upmost reality, as this is the actual. He defers the present from the moment, when human beings are stressed they get immersed in the present. When we dwell on the past this can be linked to depression and excessive thinking of the future can be linked to anxiety, this loses the present moment, which creates a disconnection with time and living in the moment.
At first I did find the plot hard to follow but was able to then fully understand what I was watching. A man was used for experimentation, travelling through time, to give the scientists the answers they needed.
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The scientists want to travel through time, to the past and future, so they can get the answers they need to rescue the war stricken present.